The $2 note design reviews the life of Bartolomé Mitre (1821–1906).
Once he leaves office, he conducts diplomatic negotiations with Brazil. Away from political engagements, he finds shelter in intense intellectual activity (by 1858 he had published his Historia de Belgrano y de la Independencia Argentin) (History of Belgrano and the Independence of Argentina). He then devotes to writing Historia de San Martín y la Emancipación Sudamericana (History of San Martín and the Emancipation of South America). He conducts further historical research, makes an incursion in poetry and the translation of classics.
He takes part in conflictive national episodes such as the 1880 crisis and the 1890 revolution. His influence on national events is made felt through his writings for La Nación newspaper, founded in 1870.
The center front features his portrait and the background, a replica of a hand-written text from Historia de Belgrano y de la Independencia Argentina (History of Belgrano and the Independence of Argentina), and an illustration of Mitre's house front door.